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Presente de Indicativo PDF Drukuj Email

PRESENTE INDICATIVO


Zastosowanie:

Najprościej rzecz ujmując, czas Presente stosowany jest przy wyrażaniu czynności teraźniejszych. Poza tym :

  • wyraża czynności które mają miejsce w momencie mówienia, np. Milagros está en París. - Milagros jest w Paryżu. - Obecnie, teraz tam przebywa;
  • wyraża czynności, które powtarzane są regularnie, np. Él siempre tiene que comer antes de hacer ejercicios. - On zawsze musi coś zjeść zanim zacznie ćwiczyć;
  • może wyrażać czynności przyszłe w momencie, kiedy coś jest już zaplanowane i pewne, np. El próximo año voy a Londres. - W przyszłym roku jadę do Londynu;
  • używa się go także przy wydawaniu poleceń, np. Ahora mismo comes el desayuno y sumisamente vas a la escuela. - Teraz zjesz śniadanie i posłusznie pójdziesz do szkoły;
  • może się także łączyć z czasem przeszłym przy relacjonowaniu wydarzeń, np. Yo iba al colegio con mi amiga y de repente un chico nos da un toque y dice que somos bonitas. - Szłam do szkoły razem z przyjaciółką kiedy nagle jakiś chłopak nas zaczepia i mówi, że jesteśmy piękne.


Konstrukcja użycia czasu:

HABLAR

yo hablo

tú hablas

él, ella, usted habla

nosotros/as hablamos

vosotros/as habláis

ellos,ellas, ustedes hablan

COMER

yo como

tú comes

él, ella, usted come

nosotros/as comemos

vosotros/as coméis

ellos, ellas, ustedes comen

VIVIR

yo vivo

tú vives

él, ella, usted vive

nosotros/as vivimos

vosotros/as vivís

ellos, ellas, ustedes viven


W czasie Presente de Indicativo istnieje pewna grupa czasowników z nieregularną odmianą. Wśród najczęściej używanych wymieniamy: querer  (e-> ie), jugar (u->ue), poder (o->ue), pedir(e->i). Warto nadmienić, że wspomniane czasowniki zachowują regularną odmianę w pierwszej i drugiej osobie liczby mnogiej.


PODER

yo puedo

tú puedes

él, ella, usted puede

nosotros/as podemos

vosotros/as podéis

ellos/as, ustedes pueden

QUERER

yo quiero

tú quieres

él, ella, usted quiere

nosotros/as queremos

vosotros/as queréis

ellos/as, ustedes quieren

JUGAR

yo juego

tú juegas

él, ella, usted juega

nosotros/as jugamos

vosotros/as jugáis

ellos/as, ustedes juegan

PEDIR

yo pido

tú pides

él, ella, usted pide

nosotros/as pedimos

vosotros/as pedís

ellos/as, ustedes piden


Przykłady zdań:

1)     Vivo cerca de la universidad. - Mieszkam blisko uniwersytetu.

2)     ¿Dónde trabajas? - Gdzie pracujesz?

3)     Hablo español, polaco e inglés fluidamente. - Mówię płynnie po hiszpańsku, polsku i angielsku.

4)     Mis padres siempre pasan las vacaciones en Portugal. - Moi rodzice zawsze spędzają wakacje w Portugalii.

5)     No puedo ir contigo mañana porque tengo una reunión importante. - Nie mogę iść z Tobą jutro, bo mam ważne spotkanie.

 

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